News of fertile land and quick land ownership in San Antonio de Iraola Colony spread rapidly in Luxembourg, endorsed by the Luxembourger Wort and the bishop at the time. The project was overseen by a Luxembourgish priest, Jean-Pierre Didier, boosting confidence.
However, upon arrival, Luxembourgish settlers in San Antonio de Iraola encountered infertile land, incomplete housing, disease, and an oppressive loan system by the colony’s private landowner. Despite signing up for a 6-year labor contract, the colony dissolved prematurely.
Due to its private ownership, there are limited records about the colony’s dissolution. Many Luxembourgers returned home, while others migrated to Brazil, the United States, or different parts of Argentina.