American-Luxembourgers

Embracing A New Population

Written by: Daniel Atz with Lauren Lowell

4,509 American adults applied to reclaim Luxembourg citizenship through an ancestor alive on Jan 1, 1900. Who are these new dual citizens? This study is a one-of-a-kind overview of the American-Luxembourger dual citizens.

American-Luxembourgers

Embracing A New Population

Written by: Daniel Atz with Lauren Lowell

4,509 American adults applied to reclaim Luxembourg citizenship through an ancestor alive on Jan 1, 1900. Who are these new dual citizens? This study is a one-of-a-kind overview of the American-Luxembourger dual citizens.

Background

By 2018, we at LuxCitizenship began to realize that there was a serious need to demystify who are the new American-Luxembourg dual citizens applying through ancestry and why might they be applying for Luxembourg citizenship. Our first edition was based on 241 dual citizen applicants and 46 Luxembourg ancestors.
Now in its 4th edition, the 2022 American-Luxembourgers study is based on data from Luxembourg’s Ministry of Justice, National Archives, and a study of 1,029 (future) dual citizens and 223 Luxembourg ancestors. This is our first edition to include information from both LuxCitizenship clients and other future American-Luxembourgers alike.
American-Luxembourgers

Context

In 2008, the new Luxembourg Nationality Act introduced the concept of dual citizenship in Luxembourg. This law also created the possibility to reclaim Luxembourg citizenship through an ancestor alive on January 1st, 1900. From 2009 to the initial deadline in 2018, 4,509 Americans with Luxembourgish ancestry had their applications accepted. They now have until December 31st, 2022 to travel to Luxembourg and complete the citizenship application.

2022: The Final Countdown

Applicants reclaiming Luxembourg citizenship through an ancestor alive 1/1/1900 faced two deadlines. The mail-in deadline to review eligibility was December 31, 2018. Applicants must now show up in person in Luxembourg before December 31, 2022.

American Adults Obtaining Luxembourg Citizenship by Year

Chart by Visualizer
Luxembourg’s Government only releases detailed statistics about citizenship procedures completed. This means after Step 2 and the in-person application in Luxembourg. However, we know that a huge portion of applicants only sent their applications in the last months before the first deadline. Many only got their certificate authorizing next steps in late 2019.
Fast forward only a few months later to international borders closing due to Covid-19. Since then, the deadline to come to Luxembourg has been extended twice from 12/31/2020 to 12/31/2022. Americans could only travel to Luxembourg for 142 days in 2021. Therefore, very few Americans gained dual citizenship in 2021 compared to previous years.

Graph: Although it has been possible for Americans to reclaim citizenship since 1/1/2019 only 62 Americans did so from 1/1/2009-12/31/2013

American Adults Obtaining Luxembourg Citizenship by Year

Chart by Visualizer

Although it was possible to apply for step 1 in the dual citizenship process, the number of Americans applying really started to grow in 2016.

Luxembourg’s Government only releases detailed statistics about citizenship procedures completed. This means after Step 2 and the in-person application in Luxembourg. However, we know that a huge portion of applicants only sent their applications in the last months before the first deadline. Many only got their certificate authorizing next steps in late 2019.
Fast forward only a few months later to international borders closing due to Covid-19. Since then, the deadline to come to Luxembourg has been extended twice from 12/31/2020 to 12/31/2022. Americans could only travel to Luxembourg for 142 days in 2021. Therefore, very few Americans gained dual citizenship in 2021 compared to previous years.

Nearly 2,000 Americans to Luxembourg in 2022

On April 27, 2021, Luxembourg’s Ministry of Justice informed LuxCitizenship that 2,002 more Americans adults have not finished applying for dual citizenship yet.

This would mean that a total of approximately 4,509 American adults could become grand-ducal by December 31, 2022. The Ministry of Justice does not release statistics on the applicant’s minor children.
Using a model from our 1,029 (future) dual citizens, we believe that approximately 925 minor children have gotten dual citizenship and 692 are still waiting. We believe these are conservative estimates.
This would equal out to 6,129 future American-Luxembourgish dual citizens. Luxembourg has a population of 634,700. This means the new American-Luxembourgers through an ancestor alive on Jan 1, 1900 will be equivalent to nearly 1% of Luxembourg’s national population.
Table by Visualizer

**The true number is much higher. This figure excludes Article 23 applicants (˜170 already citizens, 625 estimated as applied but not completed), naturalizations (over 200 already citizens), and US-born individuals who never legally lost Luxembourg nationality (“Article 7”, 3,000-6,000 people).

As the total number of these new American-Luxembourgers is expected to be equivalent to nearly a

1%

net population change in Luxembourg, it’s time to start understanding who these people are.

 
 
 
 
 

Where We Last Left Off

Our (future) dual citizens have 223 Luxembourg ancestors. These ancestors mostly came from Luxembourg in the mid-1800s, and the largest group settled in Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. For more info, see our Ancestors Study.

Luxembourg Ancestor Place of Birth

Ancestor Last US Residence

Now Meet Their Descendants

From these 223 ancestors, 223 families popped up and branched out. Today, the 1,029 American-Luxembourgers cover a wide range of demographics and walks of life.

Participant Gender

Chart by Visualizer

Participant Age

18-29

25%

30-39

22%

40-49

16%

50-59

17%

60-69

12%

70+

8%

Face of a New Generation

The biggest grouping of our dual citizens is in the 18-39 age range and 4-5 generations removed from their ancestor.

American-Luxembourg dual citizen Karissa eloquently explains about what her Luxembourg heritage means to her. This was part of a 2020 video campaign during the outbreak of Covid-19.

Generations from Ancestor

1 Generation

1%

2 Generations

7%

3 Generations

21%

4 Generations

34%

5+ Generations

37%

American-Luxembourgers: Where Are They From?

Much like their Luxembourg ancestors, many of our study’s participants were born and live in Midwestern states such as Minnesota, Illinois, and Wisconsin. 34.9% of all our participants live in these three states alone.

Where Applicants Were Born

Where Applicants Live Today

Mobility – How “Close to Home” Are the American-Luxembourgers?

Nearly 70% of participants no longer live in the state where their Luxembourg ancestor resided. Of these same participants, 43% of them also do not live in the state where they were born. Overall, this is a very mobile population.

Born in Same State as Ancestor

Chart by Visualizer

Live in Same State as Ancestor

Chart by Visualizer

Born + Live in the Same State

Chart by Visualizer

Where Have They Moved?

Despite similar maps above, many participants have moved states in their lifetimes. The most common trend we see is from the Midwest to the West Coast. Also while over 1/3 of our American Luxembourger Survey respondents expressed having lived outside the US at some point in their lives, only 2% currently live in a foreign country.

Where Have Applicants Moved Since Birth?

Foreign Countries of Residence

Chart by Visualizer

52.1% of the dual citizens who still live in the same state as their Luxembourg ancestor live in Minnesota! What’s keeping these Luxembourgers in Minnesota? Check out our Minnesota Dual Citizens study.

About the Dual Citizen Families

Just over half of our dual citizens are married. On the other hand only 43% have children. The largest group amount them has two children.

Married?

Chart by Visualizer

# of Children

0 Children

57%

1 Child

12%

2 Children

19%

3 Children

8%

4+ Children

4%

Children Applying?

Chart by Visualizer

Education Level

The minimum education level of the participants in this study was a high school degree, and 90% indicate they have pursued higher education beyond high school.

Education Level Achieved

High School

10%

Associates

7%

Trade School + Further Education

4%

Bachelor

45%

Masters

25%

Doctorate

2%

PhD or Equivalent

8%

College Majors

Some of the most common college majors among our participants were Law, Business Administration, Nursing, and Computer Science.

College Majors

Health / Medical

19%

Management

15%

Sciences

13%

Engineering

8%

Political Science / Law

8%

Art / Music

6%

Marketing / Design

6%

Language / Literature

6%

Finance / Economics

6%

Education

6%

Accounting

3%

Computer Science

1%

Other or General Studies

18%

Career Path

While American Luxembourgers work in a wide variety of fields, over 1 in 10 work in education, while the same number work in healthcare.

Career Path

Education

12%

Health

10%

Tech

7%

Law

7%

Consulting and Professional Services

7%

Finance

7%

Government

6%

Service, Retail & Consumer Goods

6%

Construction & Real Estate

5%

Arts, Entertainment & Journalism

5%

Food & Agriculture

3%

Non-Profit & Religious

3%

Travel, Transport & Tourism

3%

Sports

1%

Energy & Utilities

1%

Student

7%

Retired

8%

Other

3%

Applicant Job Titles

The American Luxembourger participants in our study have many different jobs and titles, but some of the most common professor, operations manager, president, and social worker.

 

Applicant Job Titles

The American Luxembourger participants in our study have many different jobs and titles, but some of the most repeated were Professor, Operations Manager, President, and Social Worker.

 

Are you ready to learn more about the American Luxembourgers?

Continue on to our American Dual Citizens Survey to learn more about the applicant’s motivations and future plans.

Are you ready to learn more about the American Luxembourgers?

Continue on to our American Dual Citizens Survey to learn more about the applicant’s motivations and future plans.

American Dual Citizens Survey

Interested in learning more about Luxembourg dual citizens?

Our team has put together six interactive studies on Luxembourg dual citizens. Check out our case study portal to continue reading!

Navigate our Case Studies

Interested in learning more about Luxembourg dual citizens?

Our team has put together six interactive studies on Luxembourg dual citizens. Check out our case study portal to continue reading!

Navigate our Case Studies

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