LuxCitizenship

Brazilian-Luxembourgers

Embracing a New Population

Written by: Daniel Atz with Lauren Lowell and Verônica Bochi

15,477 Brazilian adults applied to reclaim Luxembourg nationality through an ancestor alive on January 1st, 1900. Who are these new dual citizens? This study is a first of its kind look at who are the Brazilian-Luxembourgers.

Brazilian-Luxembourgers

Embracing a New Population

Written by: Daniel Atz with Lauren Lowell and Verônica Bochi

15,477 Brazilian adults applied to reclaim Luxembourg nationality through an ancestor alive on January 1st, 1900. Who are these new dual citizens? This study is a first of its kind look at who are the Brazilian-Luxembourgers.

Background

Since 2018, LuxCitizenship has been producing a dual citizen study on the American-Luxembourgers. When we found out in March 2021 that there were over 3 Brazilians applying for dual citizenship for every North American, our minds were blown.

According to our research, 90.6% of Brazilian dual citizens want to move to Europe. Many are already moving to Luxembourg and less than 33% have obtained Luxembourgish citizenship as of 12/31/21.

In Summer 2021, we led an open call of (future) Brazilian dual citizens to respond to our public survey. We received 212 qualified responses. Join us in learning about a very important part of Luxembourg’s future.

Please note that this video was recorded in Portuguese. To turn on the correct subtitles, please press the play button, followed by the gear icon and “Subtitles/CC”.

Context

In 2008, the new Luxembourg Nationality Act introduced the concept of dual citizenship in Luxembourg. This law also created the possibility to reclaim Luxembourg citizenship through an ancestor alive on January 1st, 1900. From 2009 to the initial deadline in 2018, 15,477 Brazilians with Luxembourgish ancestry had their applications accepted. They now have until December 31st, 2022, to travel to Luxembourg and complete the citizenship application.

2022: Big Year, Big Numbers

Although the number of North Americans applying for Luxembourg citizenship took off in 2016, the Brazilian numbers took off and flew right past them in 2018.

Chart by Visualizer
2,050 Brazilian adults fully obtained their Luxembourg dual citizenship in 2019 alone. That’s nine more people than all the North Americans in 2009-2019 combined. We know that in total, nearly 3.5 Brazilians applied to reclaim Luxembourg citizenship for each North American doing so.
The numbers then decrease due to Covid-19. Luxembourg’s borders were closed to all Brazilian residents from March 2020 to December 18, 2021, and this only applied to certain vaccinated people. Only 90 Brazilians got dual citizenship in 2021.
10,342 more Brazilian adults can still get the citizenship if they come to Luxembourg before 12/31/2022.
Luxembourg has a population of 634,700. If all 10,342 Brazilian adult applicants come to Luxembourg in 2022, they will equal 15,447 new citizens. That’s equivalent to the population of Hesperange or about 2.4% of Luxembourg’s total population.

As the total number of these new Brazillian-Luxembourgers is expected to be equivalent to a

2.4%

net population change in Luxembourg, it’s time to start understanding who these people are.

Where We Last Left Off

In our ancestor study, we established that the 212 (future) Brazilian-Luxembourgish citizens who participated in our study came from 71 ancestors. These ancestors mostly came from Luxembourg as part of the first migratory wave, and generally settled in the Brazilian states of Santa Catarina, Rio Grande du Sul, and Paraná.

Luxembourg Ancestor Place of Birth

Ancestor Residence in Brazil

About Our Brazilian Dual Citizens

212 (future) Brazilian-Luxembourgish dual citizens over 18 years old responded to LuxCitizenship’s open survey. The largest portion of the respondents are in the age range 30-49. Slightly more men responded than women.

Participant Gender

Participant Age

18-19

4%

20-29

13%

30-39

31%

40-49

31%

50-59

16%

60+

5%

Ancestral Connections

While on average, the Brazilian dual citizens are about as many generations removed from their Luxembourg ancestor as their North American cousins, they are twice as likely to have a Luxembourg ancestor from six generations back.

Generations Removed from Ancestor

1 removed

1%

2 removed

1%

3 removed

19%

4 removed

34%

5 removed

30%

6 removed

15%
Please note that this video was recorded in Portuguese. To turn on the correct subtitles, please press the play button, followed by the gear icon and “Subtitles/CC”.

Video: Gabriel reclaimed Luxembourg citizenship from his 4th generation Luxembourg ancestor. He recently moved to the Grand Duchy with his spouse. He shares a little bit of his experience.

Brazilian-Luxembourgers: Where Are They From?

Much like their North American cousins, many of the Brazil dual citizens were born in the same state that their ancestor lived in. However, they have started to spread out throughout Brazil. By far the biggest state where they live is Santa Catarina, concentrating many more dual citizens than any one state in the US.

Where Applicants Were Born

Where Applicants Live Today

Applicant Mobility – How “Close to Home” are Brazilian Luxembourgers?

Around 2/3rds of the Brazilians surveyed live today in the state of Brazil where they were born in. This is the exact opposite of the North American dual citizens, where 2/3rds do not live in the same state where they were born. By comparison, more Brazilians live outside Brazil.

Born + Live in the Same State?

If No, Where Do You Live?

While 100% of dual citizens surveyed were born in Brazil, 6.6% now live in Luxembourg! Another 6.6% of participants now live in another country.

About the Families

64% of the dual citizens surveyed are married, which is 11.6% higher than the participants in our American Luxembourgers study. The average number of children per Brazilian family with children (1.8) was also slightly higher for the North American families (1.5).

Married?

# of Children

0 Children

42%

1 Child

22%

2 Children

30%

3 Children

6%

A Grande Familia

According to our research, family is one of Brazilian dual citizens’ primary motivations for applying for Luxembourg citizenship. 80.2% of the dual citizens with children survey indicated that at least some of their children were also applying for dual citizenship.

Children Applying?

A Lot More Multilingual Than 🇺🇸 

45% of our Brazilian respondents reported speaking at least one foreign language fluently. This is a stark contrast from the participants in our American Luxembourgers Survey, where under 22% reported speaking a second language.

Do You Speak a Foreign Language?

What Languages Do You Speak?

English

35%

French

9%

German

8%

Other

12%

Of the 45.3% of participants who speak at least one foreign language, 24% of them speak at least two foreign languages and 8.3% speak 3 foreign languages or more!

Applicant Education

The minimum education level of the participants in this study was a high school degree, and 83.4% indicate they have pursued higher education beyond high school.

Education Level Achieved

High School

16%

Higher Education / Undergraduate

32%

Graduate

40%

Masters

8%

Doctorate

4%

Applicant Careers

In comparison to the participants in our study of American Luxembourgers, over 2x more applicants work in positions related to Government, Administration, and Non-Profits. At the same time, much less of the Brazilian-Luxembourgers report working in health care than their North American cousins.

Career Path

Management, Sales & Marketing

20%

Government, Administration & Non-Profit

17%

Sciences, Engineering & Tech

14%

Education

14%

Medical & Health Services

8%

Law

6%

Accounting & Finance

5%

Media, Arts, & Entertainment

3%

Student or Retired

5%

Other

6%

Applicant Job Titles

It seems like the applicants might have many different jobs and titles. But, some titles were repeated a lot. These include analyst, civil servant, and teacher

 

Are you ready to learn more about the Brazilian Luxembourgers?

Continue on to our Brazilian Dual Citizens Survey to learn more about the applicant’s motivations and future plans.

Are you ready to learn more about the Brazilian Luxembourgers?

Continue on to our Brazilian Dual Citizens Survey to learn more about the applicant’s motivations and future plans.

Brazilian Dual Citizens Survey

Interested in learning more about Luxembourg dual citizens?

Our team has put together six interactive studies on Luxembourg dual citizens. Check out our case study portal to continue reading!

Navigate our Case Studies

Interested in learning more about Luxembourg dual citizens?

Our team has put together six interactive studies on Luxembourg dual citizens. Check out our case study portal to continue reading!

Navigate our Case Studies

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